The I.U.P.A. Research Department

Research Available Upon Request

Information requests provide information on issues and topics that are pertinent to your local’s needs and are limited only by the imagination and need of the local president. We have gathered information on a wide variety of criminal justice and labor movement topics including, but not limited to:

Police Vehicles

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey of car insurance companies to identify those which offer take-home vehicle insurance to police officers and the characteristics and availability of the insurance that they offer. The report closes with the I.U.P.A.’s conclusions/recommendations as well as a summary of available insurance options.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department authored a report that summarized the available research on take-home vehicles, the most prominent of which was a study completed by the City of Tacoma, Washington. The report continues with information about further resources and information on LEO take-home vehicles.

The I.U.P.A. published a research report that covered a survey of 388 Law Enforcement Professionals with regard to instances of carbon monoxide poisoning in their department, a study conducted in 2013 by the President of an I.U.P.A. Local and I.U.P.A. Regional Leader, and a survey of available news sources.

Shift Schedules and Fatigue

The I.U.P.A. published a research report on the Pitman Schedule, the most commonly used twelve-hour schedule in Law Enforcement. Major topics included stress, fatigue, overall health, incidents, overtime, camaraderie, officer morale, conclusions/summary, and available references on this subject.

The I.U.P.A. published a report on fatigue, burnout, and job performance in Child Protective Investigations. Subtopics discussed included position descriptions and Florida vacancies, Child Welfare League of America caseload standards, actual Florida caseloads and turnover rates and causes, burnout and burnout consequences, and the benefits of reasonable caseloads.

The I.U.P.A. conducted research on the effect of fatigue on LEOs, in particular how fatigue impairs performance, health and injury concerns associated with fatigue, overtime, and associated references on the topic.

Social Media/Networking

The I.U.P.A. published a paper on social media and social networking that explored the dangers of social networking and LEO careers, related news stories, precautionary measures from management, and conclusions on this subject.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department authored a white paper on social media in the Law Enforcement Profession that discussed social networking as a Police Officer, social media policy examples, and available references.

Technology/Equipment and Funding

The I.U.P.A. Research Department wrote a report on in-car cameras in which they covered policy and procedure examples, law enforcement views, conclusions, and references.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a SurveyMonkey survey of 257 officers to determine the characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses of body worn camera policies as well as reviewed available policies and summarized common policy shortcomings. Summaries of both are available upon request.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department authored a paper in which they looked at the importance of body armor to LEO safety, differences between male and female body armor, the NIJ Certification Mark, available options for officers in general and particularly for women as well as their advantages and shortcomings, conclusions/recommendations, and references.

This paper published by the I.U.P.A. Research Department covered health concerns associated with LEO duty belts, the origin and purpose of duty belts, available research on duty belt preferences, duty belt add-ons, vests, suspenders, harnesses, duty belt issues specific to women, health suggestions, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a SurveyMonkey survey of 388 officers and published their responses to questions about their equipment needs in their departments in a white paper that also covered military surplus gear cost and utility, public perceptions of equipment, conclusions/recommendations, and references.

The I.U.P.A. published a report that covered grants for Law Enforcement Officers and departments, sources of grants, other alternative funding options, tips for funding success, recommendations/conclusions, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. interviewed StarChase Chief Operations Officer Mandy McCall about the GPS technology designed to aid Law Enforcement in tracking cars and avoiding dangerous high speed chases. A summary was published that covered the information from that interview and research conducted online, specifically covering information about StarChase, the cities using the technology, success rates, and potential concerns/drawbacks.

LEO Health/Safety

The I.U.P.A. authored a research report that discussed opioid addiction and its history, statistics and categories of opioids and their respective strengths, dangers to first responders who come to the aid of citizens where opioids are present, ways in which opioids can be absorbed, signs and treatment for overdose, and precautions. Available solutions were discussed, including grants, inter-agency cooperation, policies and procedures to curb overdoses, reducing the cost of naloxone, technological solutions, conclusions/recommendations, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. published a report on hearing loss in the Law Enforcement Profession in which they covered hearing loss diagnosis and treatment in general as well as warning signs, then hearing loss in the Law Enforcement Field. In particular with regard to LEOs, the paper covered the prevalence, legal and economic considerations, best practices and prevention, conclusions/recommendations, and references.

The Research Department of the I.U.P.A. published a paper that defined PTSD and looked at its prevalence in Law Enforcement, available research on worker’s compensation legislation, and provided a survey of worker’s compensation state legislation for first responders passed from 2015 through 2018.

The I.U.P.A. published an infographic handout on PTSD symptoms, statistics, and methods of coping as a resource for I.U.P.A. members to make use of. At the bottom of the handout are a list of hotlines and textlines that LEOs can contact if they need to talk to someone.

The I.U.P.A. published a handout on Chaplain Programs Resources that provides information on The Police Chaplain Program, International Conference of Police Chaplains, available research, legal concerns, benefits, and funding. Links to more information available online are included.

The I.U.P.A. published a research report that covered a survey of 388 Law Enforcement Professionals with regard to instances of carbon monoxide poisoning in their department, a study conducted in 2013 by the President of an I.U.P.A. Local and I.U.P.A. Regional Leader, and a survey of available news sources.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey of thirty-seven Law Enforcement Departments from across the United States via SurveyMonkey and published a report on safety issues in their parking lots and characteristics of their parking areas. Common safety characteristics were examined and the I.U.P.A. provided recommendations/conclusions on best practices for parking lot safety for LEOs.

The I.U.P.A. pulled and examined data on K9 Officer heat exhaustion deaths from 2015 through August 2017, then published a research report with the statistical findings and characteristics of K9 Officer deaths, including the year and time of year, state, location/situation, and whether or not technology failure contributed. The paper continued with information about heat exhaustion in general, risk factors, signs and treatments, precautionary solutions, and the recommendations/conclusion of the I.U.P.A.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department authored a paper in which they looked at the importance of body armor to LEO safety, differences between male and female body armor, the NIJ Certification Mark, available options for officers in general and particularly for women as well as their advantages and shortcomings, conclusions/recommendations, and references.

This paper published by the I.U.P.A. Research Department covered health concerns associated with LEO duty belts, the origin and purpose of duty belts, available research on duty belt preferences, duty belt add-ons, vests, suspenders, harnesses, duty belt issues specific to women, health suggestions, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. published a report on fatigue, burnout, and job performance in Child Protective Investigations. Subtopics discussed included position descriptions and Florida vacancies, Child Welfare League of America caseload standards, actual Florida caseloads and turnover rates and causes, burnout and burnout consequences, and the benefits of reasonable caseloads.

The I.U.P.A. conducted research on the effect of fatigue on LEOs, in particular how fatigue impairs performance, health and injury concerns associated with fatigue, overtime, and associated references on the topic.

LEO Benefits

The I.U.P.A. published a report that discussed types of pension plans, pension plan design, alternative pension funding options, alternative methods of saving for retirement, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. authored a PowerPoint that defines Deferred Retirement Option Plan (DROP), outlined pros and cons of DROP to employees as well as to employers, DROP variations, considerations when selecting which program is right for a given department, and a list of departments with DROP.

The Research Department of the I.U.P.A. published a paper that defined PTSD and looked at its prevalence in Law Enforcement, available research on worker’s compensation legislation, and provided a survey of worker’s compensation state legislation for first responders passed from 2015 through 2018.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department published a white paper that covered articles and research on the benefits of college education to LEOs and departments as well as types of educational benefits and some offered by departments. A survey was conducted of the educational benefits listed on the websites of twenty-two Law Enforcement Departments across the United States and the types of benefits offered were identified. Additionally, an example of education benefits were outlined that are built into a step/pay plan, for not only college, but also LEO certifications.

Residency Requirements

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey of sixteen Police Departments from across the United States to determine what their residency requirements were for K9 Handlers and details of those who had them, K9 housing requirements, and additional policy information.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey of 388 Law Enforcement Professionals from across the United States via SurveyMonkey and published results to questions about residency requirements in a research report along with available research on and the history of LEO residency requirements, legality of the practice, issues for LEOs with respect to residency requirements, attacks on LEOs at home reported in the news from 2016 to 2017, housing incentives, conclusions/recommendations, I.U.P.A. President Cabral’s statement, and references.

K9 Officers

The I.U.P.A. pulled and examined data on K9 Officer heat exhaustion deaths from 2015 through August 2017, then published a research report with the statistical findings and characteristics of K9 Officer deaths, including the year and time of year, state, location/situation, and whether or not technology failure contributed. The paper continued with information about heat exhaustion in general, risk factors, signs and treatments, precautionary solutions, and the recommendations/conclusion of the I.U.P.A.

The I.U.P.A. published a research report that covered the rising support for legalization of marijuana, the results gleaned from a survey of policies from thirteen LEO departments across the United States and K9 Trainers who train dogs for six different states, a review of related news, resources for smaller departments that require dogs, conclusions/recommendations, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey of sixteen Police Departments from across the United States to determine what their residency requirements were for K9 Handlers and details of those who had them, K9 housing requirements, and additional policy information.

Drugs

The I.U.P.A. authored a research report that discussed opioid addiction and its history, statistics and categories of opioids and their respective strengths, dangers to first responders who come to the aid of citizens where opioids are present, ways in which opioids can be absorbed, signs and treatment for overdose, and precautions. Available solutions were discussed, including grants, inter-agency cooperation, policies and procedures to curb overdoses, reducing the cost of naloxone, technological solutions, conclusions/recommendations, and available references.

The I.U.P.A. published a research report that covered the rising support for legalization of marijuana, the results gleaned from a survey of policies from thirteen LEO departments across the United States and K9 Trainers who train dogs for six different states, a review of related news, resources for smaller departments that require dogs, conclusions/recommendations, and available references.

Additional Topics

The I.U.P.A. published a handout on available research in the United States, England, and Wales that explores the prevalence of tattoos, departmental policies on tattoos, public perception, and best practices for recruiting and retention.

The I.U.P.A. published a research report that defined and covered the history of civilianization of police, survey findings of the United States Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services of twelve agencies, survey findings of a Canadian study on civilianization, conclusions/recommendations, and references.

The Research Department of the I.U.P.A. published a paper on LEO statistics that covered Bureau of Labor Statistics 2016 findings on “Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities: Fact Sheet Police Officers”; crime statistics reported by FBI’s Uniform Crime Report from 2015 and 2016; 911 calls statistics reported by the United States Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: National 911 Program National 911 Progress Reports from 2014 through 2017; data from United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation: Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) data for 2008 through 2017; and data on officers killed from Officers Down Memorial Page for 2014 through 2018.

The I.U.P.A. conducted a survey via SurveyMonkey of thirteen Corrections Departments across the United States and published the results in a research report along with information about electronic cigarettes in general and in corrections settings. Electronic cigarettes were defined and health and safety risks in general were assessed. As pertaining to corrections settings, particular topics explored included electronic cigarettes as a source of revenue, as weapons and contraband, with regard to health concerns, and those which were designed for use in a corrections setting.

The I.U.P.A. Research Department published a summary of legal and policy concerns of departments with regard to transgender officers, particularly with regard to locker rooms and bathrooms, but also in other aspects. Case law is covered as are recommendations on how best to accommodate officers and avoid issues, both for transgender officers as well as officers who serve with them.

THE INSTITUTE FOR POLICE RESEARCH (IPR)

The Institute for Police Research is a non-profit research organization affiliated with the International Union of Police Associations and funded by federal grants for studies on issues impacting the law enforcement community.

The IPR completed a study in 2011 regarding the use and effectiveness of reflective vests for law enforcement officers. To find out more information about the study including results, findings, and information about reflective vests, visit: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/234134.pdf